Matt Mattox is a dancer-teacher-choreographer who has greatly affected the evolution of jazz dance in America and Europe. Mattox was born in 1921, and received a strong foundation in ballet before becoming a leading dancer in Hollywood from 1946-1953. As a dancer, his leading film accomplishments include Seven Brides for Seven Brothers , Gentlemen Prefer Blondes , and The Bandwagon. Some of his partners have included Judy Garland, Cyd Charisse, Mitzi Gaynor, Marilyn Monroe, Gwen Verdon, and Jane Russell. It was in 1948 that Mattox was first hired by choreographer Jack Cole for the Broadway showMagdelena. Cole is acknowledged as a pioneer in the theatrical application of jazz dance, and it was this seven year association with Cole that changed Mattox's direction from aspiring ballet dancer to the personification of perfection in a jazz dancer.